Material Handling and Logistics Portal

(courtesy of Material Handling Institute)

Orientation Principle
Study the system relationships thoroughly prior to preliminary planning in order to identify existing methods and problems, and physical and economic constraints, and to establish future requirements and goals.
Flexibility Principle
Use methods and equipment which can perform a variety of tasks under a variety of operating conditions.
Planning Principle
Establish a plan to include basic requirements, desirable options, and the consideration of contingencies for all material handling and storage activities.
Simplification Principle
Simplify handling by eliminating, reducing, or combining unnecessary movements and/or equipment.
Systems Principle
Integrate those handling and storage which are economically viable into a coordinated system of operation including receiving, storage, production, assembly, packaging, warehousing, shipping, and transportation.
Gravity Principle
Utilize gravity to move material wherever possible, while respecting limitations concerning safety, product damage, and loss.
Unit Load Principle
Handling product in as large a unit load as practical.
Safety Principle
Provide safe material handling equipment and methods which follow existing safety codes and regulations in addition to accrued experience.
Space Utilization Principle
Make effective utilization of all cubic space.
Computerization Principle
Consider computerization in material handling and storage systems when circumstances warrant for improved material and information control.
Standardization Principle
Standardize handling methods and equipment wherever possible.
Layout Principle
Prepare an operational sequence and equipment layout for all viable systems solutions, then select the alternative system which best integrates efficiency and effectiveness.
Ergonomic Principle
Recognize human capabilities and limitations by designing material handling equipment and procedures for effective interaction with the people using the system.
Cost Principle
Compare the economic justification of alternative solutions in equipment and methods on the basis of economic effectiveness as measured by expense per unit handled.
Energy Principle
Include energy consumption of the material handling systems and material handling procedures when making comparisons or preparing economic justifications.
Maintenance Principle
Prepare a plan for preventive maintenance and scheduled repairs on all material handling equipment.
Environmental Principle
Minimize adverse effects on the environment when selecting material handling equipment and procedures.
Reliability Principle
Provide reliable and dependable material handling equipment from manufacturers who have demonstrated quality and longevity in the industry.
Mechanization Principle
Mechanize the handling process where feasible to increase efficiency and economy in the handling of materials.
Accessibility Principle
Readily have access to the knowledge, expertise, professionalism, and industry leadership.

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